Logical Matters, Essays In Ancient Philosophy II, Jonathan Barnes, OUP
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The second volume of Jonathan Barnes’ papers on ancient philosophy contains twenty-seven pieces under the broad heading of Logic. The volume also includes essays that were originally published in obscure places, and in foreign languages. All of the papers have been retouched, a few of them have been substantially revised, and papers originally published in French have been translated into English.
The first three essays in the volume are of a general nature, being concerned with ancient views on the status of logic and with the distinction between formal and material inferences. The next nine items deal with different aspects of Aristotelian logic: the copula, negation, the categoris, homonymy, and the principal of contradiction. Then come three papers about the connection (or lack of connection) between Aristotelian logic and Stoic logic. Two of the pieces discuss Theophrastus’ theory of ‘hypothetical’ syllogisms. After that, the essays run more or less chronologically: a short notice on the Dialecticians, three essays on aspects of Stoic logic, a pair of papers on ancient theories of meaning, items on adverbs and connectors, on Philoponus and Boethius, and on an anonymous tract written in the autumn of 1007 AD. All in all, there is matter to divert scholars and students of ancient philosophy.